Why Shiver?

Girlfriend To Stay Underneath Blanket For Next 5 Months
Girlfriend To Stay Underneath Blanket For Next 5 Months

Notes from Truelearn and UpToDate on Shivering in OB

Shivering during labor

  • 10-20% of laboring patients without epidural, 30-55% with epidural
  • multifactorial
  • hormonal changes: less progesterone than normal cycle results in less NE -> less augmentation of core temps
  • immunological reaction to fetomaternal transfusion
  • use of Misoprostol
  • possibly non-thermogenic: bursting tremor similar to clonus
  • Epidural shivering from central hypothermia and peripheral vasoconstriction
  • First hour with an epidural: core heat -> periphery 2/2 neuraxial blunt autonomic thermoregulatory below level of blockade, vasodilation causes redistribution of heat

Prevention and Treatment

  • Warming prior to epidural/spinal placement can decrease shivering
  • Warming after shivering
  • Dopaminergic/seretonergic pathway drugs can reduce shivering (25mg IV Meperidine (demerol), clonidine, tramadol, ketamine, dexmedatomidine)
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